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Scouring is Usually Carried in Iron Vessels Called Kiers
Clothing in 12th and 13th century Europe remained very simple for both men and women, and quite uniform across the subcontinent.
The traditional combination of short tunic with hose for working-class men and long tunic with overgown for women and upper class men remained the norm.
Most embroidery digitizing clothing, especially outside the wealthier classes, remained little changed from three or four centuries earlier.
Scouring, is a chemical washing process carried out on cotton fabric to remove natural wax and non-fibrous impurities (e.g. the remains of seed fragments) from the fibres and any added soiling or dirt.
The fabric is boiled in an alkali, which forms a soap with free fatty acids (saponification).
A kier is usually enclosed, so the solution of sodium hydroxide can be boiled under pressure, excluding oxygen which would degrade the cellulose in the fibre.
If the appropriate reagents are used, scouring will also remove size from the digitizing fabric although desizing often precedes scouring and is considered to be a separate process known as fabric preparation.
Preparation and scouring are prerequisites to most of the other finishing processes.
At this stage even the most naturally white cotton fibres are yellowish, and bleaching, the next process, is required.
Pests are another significant threat to textile collections, as there are a number of creatures which can cause damage to fibres.
Among the most common are clothes moths, carpet beetles, silverfish, firebrats and rodents.
Clothes moths are attracted to protein fibres, and so are especially drawn to silk, wool, and feathers.
An infestation might be identified through the evidence of white cocoons (or the remnants thereof) on the textiles, or of sighting the insects themselves.

They are roughly 8 centimetres long and white in colour. 

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