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Changing aspects of a design via a computerized editing program. Most programs allow the user to scale designs up or down, edit stitch by stitch or block by block, merge lettering with the design, move aspects of the design around, combine designs, and insert or edit machine commands.
Logo or design with a finished edge. Commonly an insignia of identification, usually worn on outer clothing. Historically, an emblem carried a motto, verse or suggested a moral lesson. Also known as a crest or patch.
A surface effect achieved on fabric by means of passing cloth through a series of engraved rollers that impart figures or designs to its surface. Rollers work through heat and pressure.
Decorative stitching on fabric. Generally involves non-lettered designs but can also include lettering and/or monograms. Evidence of embroidery exists during the reign of Egyptian pharaohs, in the writings of Homer and from the Crusaders of the 12th century. Evolved from handwork to manual sewing machines and from handlooms and schiffli machines with hundreds of needles to high-speed, computerized multi-head machines.
Expanded Format:
A design program in which individual stitches in a design have been specifically digitized for a certain size. Designs punched in this format cannot generally be enlarged or reduced more than 10% to 20% without distortion, because stitch count remains constant. See Condensed Format.
A piece of fabric that is sewn to the collar, front opening, cuffs or arms of a garment to create a finished look.
Fancy Fills:
A digitizing function that automatically incorporates special patterns or textures into fill areas. Also known as specialty fills.
Feather Stitching:
Lightweight designs constructed of run stitches. Ideal for tricots, nylons and taffetas.
Fill Stitch:
Series of run stitches commonly used to cover large areas. Different fill patterns can be created by altering the angle, length or repeat sequence of the stitches. Also known as a geflect stitch.
Processes performed after embroidery is complete. Includes trimming loose threads, cutting or tearing away excess backing, removing topping, cleaning any stains, pressing or steaming to remove wrinkles or hoop marks and packaging for sale or shipment.
Up-and-down motion of goods under action of the needle. It’s called flagging because of it resembles a waving flag. Often caused by improper framing of goods, flagging may result in poor registration, unsatisfactory stitch format and birdnesting.
Comes in several colors, with the most popular being red, gold and silver. To use foil, screen print the garment as usual, place the foil over the wet ink, remove the garment from the platen, and cure it with a heat press. The printed and foiled garment can be flash dried before it’s removed from the platen, and other colors then can be printed on top of the foil.
Holding device for insertion of goods under an embroidery head for the application of embroidery. May employ a number of means for maintaining stability during the embroidery process, including clamps, vacuum devices, magnets or springs. See Hoops.
Free-Standing Lace:
Digitized so that the threads are interwoven. The embroidery of lace requires a soluble backing or topping of the embroiderer’s choice for the substrate. The lace design is embroidered on the soluble product, which is then washed away, leaving just the thread in place. Many of the lace designs require additional work, shaping them into projects such as baskets, ornaments or doilies.
French Knots:
A stitch featuring a raised, knotted center.
Threads that are cut and hang loosely from the edge of a design.

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