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Female Workers Lack A Voice and Representation in Bangladesh
As output increases to meet higher demand, a 1 percent increase in the expected wage raises the likelihood of women joining the labor force by between 16 percent in Pakistan and 89 percent in Sri Lanka, the World Bank estimates.
Despite the large number of women the industry employs, however, female workers lack a voice and representation in Bangladesh, the region's largest exporter by value.
Regulatory capacity is also weak in Bangladesh, even though scrutiny has increased in the wake of the Rana Plaza disaster.
Three years after the disaster that killed more than 1,100 factory workers, the rights and safety of workers in the region are in greater focus, but progress in fixing problems in the supply chain is slow, experts and activists say.
The main steps in the production of cloth are producing the fibre, preparing it, converting it to yarn, converting yarn to cloth, and then finishing the cloth.
The cloth is then taken to the manufacturer of garments.
The preparation of the fibres differs the most, depending on the fibre used. Flax requires retting and dressing, while wool requires carding and washing.
The spinning and weaving processes are very similar between fibres, however.
Spinning evolved from twisting the fibres by hand, to using a drop spindle, to using a spinning wheel.
Spindles or parts of them have been found in archaeological sites and may represent one of the first pieces of technology available.
They were invented in India between 500 and 1000 AD.
The stocking frame invented in 1589 for silk became viable when in 1759, Jedediah Strutt introduced an attachment for the frame which produced what became known as the Derby Rib, which allowed stockings to be manufactured in cotton.
Nottingham, a traditional centre for lacework, had allowed the use of the protected stocking frame since 1728.

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