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Richard Roberts Manufactured the First Loom with A CIst iron Frame
Secondly, in 1830, using an 1822 patent, Richard Roberts manufactured the first loom with a cast iron frame, the Roberts Loom.  
In 1842 James Bullough and William Kenworthy, made the Lancashire Loom .
It is a semi automatic power loom.
Although it is self-acting, it has to be stopped to recharge empty shuttles.
 It was the mainstay of the Lancashire cotton industry for a century, when the Originally, power looms were shuttle-operated but in the early part of the 20th century the faster and more efficient shuttleless loom came into use.
Today, advances in technology have produced a variety of looms designed to maximize production for specific types of material.
The most common of these are air-jet looms and water-jet looms.
Industrial looms can weave at speeds of six rows per second and faster.
By the early 20th century, the industry in the developed world often involved immigrants in "sweat shops", which were usually legal but were sometimes illegally operated.
They employed people in crowded conditions, working manual sewing machines, and being paid less than a living wage.
This trend worsened due to attempts to protect existing industries which were being challenged by developing countries in South East Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Central America.
Although globalization saw the manufacturing largely outsourced to overseas labor markets, there has been a trend for the areas historically associated with the trade to shift focus to the whiter collar associated industries of fashion, fashion modeling and retail.
Areas historically involved heavily in the "rag trade" include London and Milan in Europe, and the SoHo district in New York City.
The Multi Fibre Arrangement (MFA) governed the world trade in textiles and garments from 1974 through 2004, imposing quotas on the amount developing countries could export to developed countries.
It expired on 1 January 2005.
The MFA was introduced in 1974 as a short-term measure intended to allow developed countries to adjust to imports from the developing world. Developing countries have a natural advantage in textile production because it is labor-intensive and they have low labor costs.
 According to a World Bank/International Monetary Fund (IMF) study, the system has cost the developing world 27 million jobs and $40 billion a year in lost exports.

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